Nay, but the heart is violent. Plague stalks through the land and blood is everywhere . Nay, but the river is blood. Does a man drink from it? As a human he rejects it. He thirsts for water . Nay, but gates, columns and walls are consumed with fire . Nay but men are few. He that lays his brother in the ground is everywhere . Nay but the son of the high-born man is no longer to be recognized . The stranger people from outside are come into Egypt . Nay, but corn has perished everywhere. People are stripped of clothing, perfume and oil. Everyone says "there is no more". The storehouse is bare . It has come to this. The king has been taken away by poor men.
Erman, A., Ipuwer Papyrus, Leiden Museum, quoted from The Ancient Egyptians, a source book of their writings, Harper and Row, New York, pp. 94101, 1966. Return to text.